Tim D'Annecy

tdannecy@gmail.com Header image


If you're setting up a phone or faxing system, you're going to need to make test calls and faxes to verify that things are working.

I wanted to write down the test numbers that I've used that are working as of 2021-Nov-12.

Phone numbers with voice utilities

These numbers can be called and have tools that can test functionality or connection issues with your phone.

Initial list from https://shaun.net/resources/test-phone-numbers/ and https://thetestcall.blogspot.com/

Country Number Note
Canada +1 416 342 9562 Voice echo
Canada +1 250 412 5922 Voice echo
Ireland +353 1 687 7776 Voice echo
United Kingdom +44 20 8759 9036 Caller ID check
United Kingdom +44 20 3026 4621 Voice echo
United States +1 800 444 4444 Caller ID check
United States +1 213 621 0002 Test tone
United States +1 631 791 8378 Voice echo
United States +1 510 315 1211 Voice echo and callback
United States +1 802 359 9100 Voice echo and latency check

Phone numbers for simple call placement

These numbers can be used to test a successful call placement, without any utilities.

Phone numbers with texting utilities

These numbers can be used to test texting functionality.

Country Number Note
United States +1 650 456 4556 US to US only – SMS/MMS echo
United States http://www.smseverywhere.com/send.htm Test SMS

Fax numbers with utilities

These numbers can be faxed to or from to test the functionality of your faxing system.

Country Number Note
Australia +61 1300 368 999 Send to and receive receipt confirmation back
Australia +61 0396 400 999 Send to and receive receipt confirmation back
United States +1 888 473 2963 Send to and receive receipt confirmation back
United States +1 855 392 2666 Send to and receive receipt confirmation back
United States +1 650 530 9014 Send to and receive receipt confirmation back
United States +1 855 330 1239 Send to and check quality on https://www.faxtoy.net/
United States +1 213 294 2943 Send to and check quality on https://www.faxtoy.net/
United States https://faxzero.com/ Send fax and test receipt


A company I'm working with is using a Neat Bar [A] and Neat Pad [A] for Zoom calling. They also use Meraki network devices for wireless (MR 42) and switching (MS 250).

As explained in the Neat documentation [A], the Neat Pad and Bar cannot continue through the setup screen when using Meraki devices with default options for DHCP.

In our environment, we have a wireless SSID that is set to bridge clients to a Wireless VLAN subnet. This SID is using a Pre-Shared Key (PSK), it's not hidden, and is using both 2.4ghz and 5ghz bands with band steering. The DHCP server is running on the Switch Virtual Interface (SVI) configured on the Wireless VLAN subnet.

When trying to connect the Neat Pad and Bar to this SSID, the setup screen allows them to connect, but it say that it's not connected to the internet. The workaround for this is to configure the DHCP options in the SVI to include an NTP time server IP.

The steps are as follows:

  1. Open the Meraki dashboard in a browser.

  2. Navigate to Switch > Routing & DHCP:

  3. Click on the row to open up the Switch Interface config:

  4. In the section “DHCP options”, click the “Add a DHCP option” button. Select “NTP Server (42)”. Copy/paste in one of the direct IPs from the NIST Internet Time Servers page: https://tf.nist.gov/tf-cgi/servers.cgi

After that, you might need to reboot the Neat devices, but the Neat Pad screen should say that the wireless connection has internet access and allow you to continue the setup.

#Windows #HyperV #todo

I tried setting up a new Windows 10 VM in Hyper V with default options, but I sometime receive the following error when going thru the installation:

Windows cannot find the Microsoft Software License Terms. Make sure the installation sources are valid and restart the installation.

I thought it was an issue with my Windows 10 ISO, but the MD5 checked out OK.

I found that the fix is to change the Minimum Ram setting in the Dynamic Memory option from 512 MB to something like 1024 MB and it boots up OK.


I just upgraded to Google Fiber 2Gig and there doesn't seem to be much documentation about what each of the ports mean on the two devices that they provided:

I was able to find some FCC documents about each:

I contacted Google Support and got as much info as I could.

Google Multi-Gig Router ports

Google Multi-Gig Router ports

I have the model number GFRG300. There are 1 RJ-11 port, 5 RJ-45 ports, 1 USB port, and one SFP+ port. Starting from the top:

  • Green RJ-11 port with phone handset icon: Line for VOIP phone

  • 3 yellow RJ-45 ports with arrow icons: 1 gbps LAN ports. (Ports intended for devices connected to LAN, e.g. PCs, NASes)

  • Red RJ-45 port with globe icon: Secondary copper WAN connection. Unknown speed. Google Support stated that Router does not support dual WAN uplinks. (Port intended for setups where direct ONT fiber connection is not available and requires a modem and copper RJ-45 for uplink. Not intended for LAN connections. )

  • Bronze/copper RJ-45 port with the text “10” and arrow icons: 10gbps LAN port. (Port intended for a multi-gig switch or the Wifi Mesh Tri-Band Extender.)

  • Blue USB port: Intended for tech-support/troubleshooting service. Google Support stated there is no network connectivity supported over USB.

  • Silver SFP+ port with globe icon: 10gbps SFP port for WAN uplink. Google Support could not provide if this was an SFP or SFP+ port, but it's probably SFP+. (Port intended as uplink using fiber SFP module for connection to ONT.)

Google Wifi Tri-Band Mesh Extender with Wifi 6

Google Wifi Tri-Band Mesh Extender with Wifi 6 ports

I have the model number GFEX310. There are two RJ-45 ports and one USB port on the back of this device.

Going from left to right:

  • Black USB port: Intended for tech-support/troubleshooting service. Google Support stated there is no network connectivity supported over USB.

  • Yellow RJ-45 port with arrow icons: 1gbps LAN port (intended for LAN pass thru for wired devices)

  • Blue RJ-45 port with arrow icons and globe icon: 1gbps LAN port (intended for wired connection to upstream router or switch)


#Windows #Azure

If you've deployed an Azure VM and did not enable the “Login with AAD credentials”, option, you can enable sign in using Azure Active Directory credentials later using Cloud Shell with this command in Azure CLI:

az vm extension set \
--publisher Microsoft.Azure.ActiveDirectory \
--name AADLoginForWindows \
--resource-group ResourceGroup \
--vm-name VMName

After running that command, you'll need to add an entry to the local group to allow interactive sign in using RDP. The extension doesn't add this permission and you will need to do it manually, running this command in a remote Powershell:

net localgroup "remote desktop users" /add "AzureAD\user@domain.com"

You will also need to add 2 lines the RDP file downloaded from the “Connect” tab so that you can connect without issues:

authentication level:i:2

After connecting to the VM using RDP, you will also need to disable network-level authentication from Control Panel.

In the background, the extension will change the Join Type of the VM to “Azure AD Joined” and your Devices blade will update with that information after a couple of minutes.

No need to re-create the VM.

Just putting this here for my notes.


#Windows #Powershell #Meraki

I wrote up a quick and dirty Powershell script today that adds a split-tunnel VPN connection, asks the user for connection info, dials the connection, then configures static routes.

# Add-MerakiVPN.ps1
# Creates a split-tunnel VPN connection and adds static routes.
# Tim D'Annecy 2021-09-08

function Add-MerakiVPN {
    $ServerAddress = 'blahblahblah.dynamic-m.com' # Change this value to match your Meraki hostname
    $ConnectionName = 'Meraki VPN'
    $PresharedKey = 'blah' # Change this value

    Add-VpnConnection `
        -Name $ConnectionName `
        -ServerAddress $ServerAddress `
        -TunnelType L2tp `
        -EncryptionLevel Optional `
        -SplitTunneling `
        -AllUserConnection `
        -L2tpPsk $PresharedKey `
        -AuthenticationMethod Pap, MSChapv2 `

    $StaticRoutes = @(
        '', # Change these to match your internal subnets

    try {
        rasphone.exe -d $ConnectionName
        Start-Sleep -Seconds 30
        $StaticRoutes | foreach {
            New-NetRoute -DestinationPrefix $_ -InterfaceAlias $ConnectionName
    catch {
        Write-Error 'There was an error adding the VPN connection'



I just upgraded to Google Fiber and received a Google wifi device [A] as a router/wifi radio device.

Once I connected to the fiber jack with an ethernet cable, the wifi device comes online and is manageable on my phone with the Google Home app.

I connected my NAS device to the single ethernet port on the wifi device. Google wifi ethernet ports

After a few seconds, the Google Home app displays the NAS and gives it a DHCP address.

Inside Google Home under the Wifi menu, I tapped on the Settings icon and selected “Advanced networking > Port Management”.

From there, I was able to add a manual forward for TCP traffic on port 32400. Google Home wifi port forwarding

I saved the setting and my Plex server was immediately able to connect with Remote Access.

#Powershell #Windows

This one-liner imports a CSV formatted with at least the header Name and a list of user names. It outputs to a CSV with the SamAccountName and Enabled properties.

import-csv ".\in.csv" | ForEach-Object  { Get-ADUser -Identity $_.Name -Property samaccountname,enabled } | Select-Object -Property samaccountname,enabled | Export-Csv -Path ".\out.csv" -NoTypeInformation -Append


#Windows #Powershell

I found this post on Reddit and wanted to save the command for my notes.

Running this command in Powershell will give you the PC's currently connected SSID. This is handy for troubleshooting network issues when connected remotely through a PSSession.

netsh wlan show interfaces | select-string SSID

#powershell #Exchange

If you're using Microsoft Exchange Online, there's no way to currently see when a Mail Contact was created on the web dashboard.

I wanted to know when an address was added as a Mail Contact in one of our tenants, but I also wasn't able to get an audit trail using the Microsoft Compliance center.

As a workaround, this Powershell command will give the basic info for “WhenCreated”.

Get-Recipient -RecipientTypeDetails MailContact -ResultSize Unlimited | sort WhenCreated | select Name,Alias,WhenCreated

Enter your email to subscribe to updates.